Basic Troubleshooting

Please use your common sense when rearing animals. If you are unsure whether the product is suitable for your intended use, which feed system to use, or the quantities to use, please get advice from your animal feed retailer, animal nutritionist or direct from Milligans on 0800 STOCKFEED (0800 786 253).

Newborn animals must be fed fresh colostrum if available or ExcelPlus Colostrum for a minimum of 24 hours after birth. Provide good shelter and access to fresh clean water at all times. Starter feed and good quality hay should be made freely available to young ruminants. Always ensure that all mixing and feeding equipment is hygienically clean.

All feeding rates are based on average weights for newborn animals. Use the feeding guidelines and rates for which specific animal you are feeding and use common sense when it comes to size or ill thrift of animal as when to feed more or less depending on what is required.


The easiest way to work out a smaller volume amount based of the instructions is to simply divide each component being the milk powder and water by 10, e.g. 250gms / 10 = 25gms and 1 litre(1000ml) / 10 = 100mls so 25gms is added to about 70mls of water then topped up to make 100mls total. You can then multiply this by as much volume as required for each feeding.

We strongly suggest using the provided scoop when possible as this has been tested to give the closest accurate measure as milk powder densities can at times vary due to seasonal milk composition fluctuations. However, if you have the scoop or not, digital scales are a recommended must for accurate mixing amounts to avoid animal digestive upsets. As a guide, the amount of powder in grams is roughly double of that in millilitres e.g. 25gms = 50mls or 100gms = 200mls.

We feel that when mixing instructions for milk replacers read “125gms per litre”, it means that the 125gms of powder is withing the total 1 litre volume and not added to the 1 litre, as this makes a bigger volume.
Adding powder to half or three quarters of the required water volume while stirring in, then topping up water to an even 1 litre is the correct method.
Always add powder to water and not the other way around as it could cause mixing difficulties.

Transition feeding from whole milk to milk replacer can be a tricky puzzle sometimes, especially if following the instructions on our CMR bags. The biggest thing to remember regarding this transition is that the system on the bag is from day 4 on the full system or day 15 if starting on Twice a day first, so going from high-volume whole milk of 6 plus litres a day onto only 2 litres as per the system will possibly give calves a growth check. The main reason is because the larger milk volumes which have stretched the abomasum and potentially smaller hard feed volume intake will leave the calf feeling empty due to the smaller milk volume despite the equivalent dry matter intake.
We suggest dropping the whole milk volume down to no less than 3-4 litres which should then encourage more hard feed and grass intake for calves over 6 weeks of age without seeing too much, if any type of growth check.

This topic has become a common one over the past 10 years and it seems it is not going away anytime soon. The problem we have observed over the past few years is that bloat is a sporadic occurrence and not one theory of its presence is accurate 100 percent of the time.
Some experts believe it is due to gas producing bacteria called sarcina ventriculi which feed on the lactose sugars and ferment it causing gas as the by product. Some say its just over feeding and potentially both theories are correct, but the common thing that needs to be present to create gas is the bacteria. If you think about it, the same thing happens with humans, and sometimes things we eat are reacted on by certain bacteria in our gut at certain times which cause us to be gassy also.
Most lambs and goats get affected from 3 weeks onward and more prevalent at 5-6 weeks of age. This could be due to larger feeding volumes as per product directions or very high bacteria populations. These bacteria are in the animal all the time and in the environment too, so it is only when numbers increase so fast inside the animal due to a high digestible food source that the problems occur.
The use of a whey powder over a traditional casein powder have shown good results on avoiding bloat but both proteins are always blended with lactose, the problem component, so its still hard to know exactly what causes it? Adding probiotics to milk as animals grow, feed smaller feeds more often (regardless of manufacturer instructions) and feeding the milk cold are all steps to take to control bloat or reduce the possibility of onset.

No, we don’t recommend feeding a non-specific product to other animals because we formulate our products specific to each species, firstly due to the different nutrition requirements of the animal, but we also include a medicated additive for the control of a bacteria in calves at high levels that could cause harm to other species.